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This bending of light by the atmosphere also
accounts for the twilight zones on the opposite
side of our earth, and has nothing to do with

If light were effected by the gravity of a very
high mass, then it could not escape the pull of
the suns own gravity or any star, which is
further proof that light has no mass. You may
say that a star has no atmosphere, but this is
not so, an atmosphere can be composed of  
gaseous elements such as oxygen, or
vaporized heaver elements, and/or ionizes
partials. Which will still exhibit the lens
phenomenon, of bending the light that passes
close to the star, just as it does our planet.
This is why we are able to see stars which are
behind other stars.

If a body has no atmosphere and absorbs all
light, with out reflecting any of it back, we will
not be able to see anything behind it, or even
know that it is there except for the fact that
the area will be black, such as with a so called
Black Hole. Only the stars near the edge can
still be seen out lining the outer edge of the
body. Any star very close to this body if it is of
a higher mass then the star, will pull the star in
to it, and pull it apart as it does so. If the black
body is of sufficient size the impact of the parts
of the star may have very little effect on the
body. This may take a long time to complete,
and we may never witness its demise. We can
not trust our eyes completely, as the old saying
goes, seeing is believing.
Now maybe I am the stupid one, for I can not
understand where these scientist of today are
coming from with all these screwball theories.
For it goes against every thing I have been
taught in school and have learned over the
years. I am by no means implying that the
principals taught in school are 100% accurate,
and unbending. We use what appears to be
right until some thing or some one comes
along to prove them wrong. The truth in a
written law is judged by how it is interpreted
in the language of the land at the time.

When we speak of light in general we are
referring to that tiny part of the
electromagnetic spectrum we see with our
eyes. All of the EMS is just that Electromagnetic
energy, but visible light is supposedly
composed of what we call in English a photon.
Which has no physical mass, even though it
exhibits both wave and partial motion.

Light may be bent when passing through any
transparent or semitransparent substance that
does not absorb it. The light is bent because it
is slowed down while traveling through the
substance, and jumps back to its normal speed
when leaving in the new direction. Lights
speed is constant only in a vacuum.

Any body in space which has what maybe
considered an atmosphere, which is not
necessarily a gas like oxygen. Also is a
spherical object which that atmosphere is
surrounding, and forms a lens that can redirect
light. This is a known fact which we experience
right here on earth every day. Depending on
the angle of incidence to the air determines
how the light will respond. This accounts for
the twinkling of stars, and other sky effects we
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The Atmospheric Lens Effect